1、What do you mean by “日本”in English?What's the meaning of the word？（这里的mean为什么这样用）
mean作为动词在这个句子里面，句子结构类似于what do you do ……
2、There will be a friend coming here to see me tomorrow？（为什么是comeing,will后面不是原型吗）
3、There were a large number of people collecting garbage.（为什么用ing）
4、I didn't hear the phone.I must be out.（为什么不用must have gone）
前面一句是过去式的：did not hear the phone
第二个句子就不能使用现在完成时have done sth， 现在完成时的动作是指这个动作对现在这个时刻还存在影响。但是上句是过去式，下句的动词就不可能修饰到现在这个状态。
另外，be out在这个句子里是说过去的一种状态，而go这个词偏重说动作。did not hear the phone的时候人在外面（be out）远比走了（go）好一些。
5、The hat which he is wearing is black.（可不可以用that，为什么）
可以啊。which 和that 都可以引导从句哦。只有介词提前的状况只能用which，剩下的情况which 和that 通用。
例子：he just bought a hat on which there was a beatiful logo. 这个句子中which前面有on这个介词，which就不能和that通用。只能是which。
6、He is the boy that bought a bike here.（为什么不用whom）
这个句子不是很书面话，最书面的形式：he is the boy who bought a bike here.
如果boy做宾语，则可以用whom引导从句。比如：he is the boy to whom the president give a notebook. 这里的从句说的是the president give a notebook to the boy. boy这从句中作为宾语，所以用whom。 不过其实现在国际上who和whom已经有通用的趋势了。但书面形式还是要分清楚。
7、The man whom/who/that you saw just now is my English teacher.（为什么可以用whom/who/that 啊，晕死）
从句的内容是 you saw the man just now. the man在从句中作为宾语哦，所以whom最好。
8、I'd like to talk with the man sitting next to me.（为什么ing?）
1、as a result结果2、in brief 简言之3、take away love, and our earth is a tomb. 没有了爱，地球便成了坟墓。
4、the condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.我们的交通状况令人不满意。5、there is no hiding from lover's eyes. 什么也瞒不过恋人的眼睛。
6、those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom must undergo the fatigue of supporting it.想要收获自由之果的人，必须承受维护自由的劳苦。7、a matter of concern 焦点8、all over again 再一次，重新9、a bad beginning makes a bad ending.不善始者不善终。
10、the sum of behaviour is to retain a man's own dignity, without intruding upon the liberty of others. 人的行为准则是，维护自己的尊严，不妨碍他人的自由。11、different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对（失败）人们的态度各不相同.12、christmas comes but once a year.圣诞一年只一度。
13、all work and no play makes jack a dull boy.只工作，不玩耍，聪明小孩也变傻。14、great men are rarely isolated mountain-peaks; they are summits of ranges. 伟人很少是突兀的山峰；它们是众山中的最高峰。
15、to speak frankly 坦白地说16、there is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of ..毫无疑问，对。问题应予以足够的重视.17、there is nothing permanent except change. 惟有变化才是永恒的。
18、students attend a boarding school would cultivate their independence as apart from their parents.离开父母上寄宿学校的学生将会培养他们的独立性。19、they who cannot do as they would,must do as they can.不能如愿而行，也须尽力而为。
20、time tames the strongest grief.时间能缓和极度的悲痛。21、to live is to learn,to learn is to better live. 活着为了学习，学习为了更好的活着。
22、everything must have a beginning.凡事都有起源。23、we should bring home to people the value of working hard.我们应该让人们知道努力的价值。
24、it is lost labour to sow where there is no soil.没有土壤，播种也是徒劳。25、overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。
26、to save time is to lengthen life.节省时间就是延长生命。27、try not to become a man of success but rather try to become a man of value. 不要为成功而努力，要为作一个有价值的人而努力。
28、child development depends on a number of factors , both physical and psychological . correct parental nurturing from infancy through adolescence determines both the physical and mental profile of a mature individual . 儿童的发展取决于很多因素，包括生理的和心理的。从婴儿期到青春期的正确的家长教育决定一个成熟的个人的体质及智力的状况。
29、above all 首先，尤其是30、do business,but be not a slave to it.要做事，但不要做事务的奴隶。31、i tell you hopeless grief is passionless. 我告诉你，没有希望的悲伤是没有感情的。
32、a work ill done must be twice done.首次做不好，必须重新搞。33、on no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.我们绝对不能忽视知识的价值。
34、it is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。35、account for 解释36、love makes one fit for any work. 热爱令人胜任任何工作。
37、the progress of the society is based on harmony.社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。38、he that doth most at once doth least.什么都想一次做完，结果一件也做不完；贪多嚼不烂。
39、all but 几乎；除了。都40、a bad workman always blames his tools.不会撑船怪河弯。
41、agree with同意42、all over 遍及43、virtue and a trade are the best portion for children. 德行和一门技能是给孩子最好的遗产。44、how are you getting on i hope that the word will become more beautiful because of you！过得好么？希望世界因你而美丽！45、at last 最后46、knowledge is power.知识就是力量。
47、quality matters more than quantity 质量比数量重要。48、it is right to put everything in its proper use.凡事都应用得其所。
49、on the whole 总体来说；整个看来50、he has made his weapons his gods.他把他的刀剑当作他的上帝。51、do as romans do in rome. 入乡随俗。
52、action is the proper fruit of knowledge.行动是知识之佳果。53、the great use of life is to spend it for something that overlasts it.生命的最大用处是将它用于能比生命更长久的事物上。
54、we should get into the habit of keeping good hours.我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。55、affairs that are done by due degrees are soon ended.按部就班，事情很快就做完。
56、it must be realized that。 我们必须意识到.57、in short 简而言之58、although we do not know the long-term consequences of separation or deprivation , we do know that they can produce acute immediate distress . 虽然我们不知道分离和丧失亲人的长期后果，但我们知道它们能立即引起剧烈的悲痛。
59、and forever has no end. 永。
A bad beginning makes a bad ending. 恶其始者必恶其终。
A bad bush is better than the open field. 有胜于无。 A bad compromise is better than a good lawsuit. 吃亏的和解也比胜诉强。
A bad conscience is a snake in one''s heart. 做贼心虚。 A bad custom is like a good cake, better broken than kept. 坏习惯像鲜馅饼，分食要比保存好。
A bad padlock invites a picklock. 开门揖盗。 A bad penny always turns up. A bad thing never dies. 坏事传千年。
A bad workman quarrels with his tools. 拙匠常怨工具差（人笨怨刀钝）。 A bargain is a bargain. 达成的协议不可撕毁。
A beggar''s purse is bottomless. 乞丐的钱袋是无底洞。 A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. 双鸟在林不如一鸟在手。
A bird is known by its note, and a man by his talk. 闻其歌知其鸟，听其言知其人。 A bird may be known by its song. 什么鸟唱什么歌。
A bit in the morning is better than nothing all day. 略有胜于全无。 A blind man who leans against a wall imagines that it''s the boundary of the world. 坐井观天。
A blind man will not thank you for a looking-glass. 秋波送盲，白费痴情。 A book is the same today as it always was and it will never change. 一本好书今天如此，将来也如此，永不改变。
A book that remains shut is but a block. 有书闭卷不阅读，无异是一块木头。 A borrowed cloak does not keep one warm. 借来的斗篷不暖身。
Absence sharpens love, presence strengthens it. 相聚爱益切，离别情更深。 A burden of one''s choice is not felt. 自己选的担子不嫌重。
A burnt child dreads the fire. 一朝被蛇咬，十年怕井绳。 A candle lights others and consumes itself. 蜡烛焚自身，光亮照别人。
A cat may look at a king. 猫也有权晋见国王。 A cat has nine lives. 猫有九条命。
Accidents will happen. 天有不测风云。 A chain is no stronger than its weakest link. 链条的坚固程度取决于它最薄弱的环节。
A change of work is as good as a rest. 调换一下工作是很好的休息。 A cheerful wife is the joy of life. 快乐的妻子是生活的乐事。
A clean hand wants no washing. 身正不怕影子斜。 A clear conscience is a soft pillow. 问心无愧，高枕无忧。
A clear conscience is a sure card. 光明磊落，胜券在握。 A clear conscience laughs at false accusations. 白日不做亏心事，夜半敲门心不惊。
A clear fast is better than a dirty breakfast. 宁为清贫，不为浊富。 A close mouth catches no flies. 病从口入，祸从口出。
A cock is valiant on his own dunghill. 夜郎自大。 A common danger causes common action. 同仇敌忾。
A constant guest is never welcome. 久住非佳宾，常来不欢迎。 A contented mind is perpetual feast. 知足常乐。
A covetous man is good to none but worse to himself. 贪婪的人对别人毫无好处，对自己却坏处更大。 A crafty knave needs no broker. 狡猾的流氓，不需居间人。
A creaking door hangs long on its hinges. 户枢不蠹。 Action is the proper fruit of knowledge. 行动是知识的巧果。
Actions speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩。 A discontented man knows not where to sit easy. 不满足者坐无宁时。
A disease known is half cured. 病情确诊断，治病好一半。 Admonish your friends in private, praise them in public. 在私底下要忠告你的朋友，在公开场合又表扬你的朋友。
A dog will not howl if you beat him with a bone. 骨头打狗狗不叫。 Adversity is a good discipline. 苦难是磨练人的好机会。
Adversity leads to prosperity. 逆境迎向昌盛。 Adversity makes a man wise, not rich. 患难使人聪明，但不能致富。
Adversity makes strange bedfellows. 身处逆境不择友。 Adversity successfully overcome is the highest glory. 成功地克服困难是最大的光荣。
A fair death honours the whole life. 死得光明，终身荣耀。 A fair face may hide a foul heart. 人不可貌相。
A faithful friend is hard to find. 益友难得。
Great hopes make great man.
Great minds think alike.
英雄所见略同He laughs best who laughs last.
谁笑到最后，谁笑得最好He that climbs high falls heavily.
He who does not advance loses ground.
逆水行舟，不进则退。If you sell the cow, you sell her milk too.
If you venture nothing, you will have nothing.
If you want knowledge, you must toil for it.
Industry is the parent of success.
It is hard to please all.
It is never too old to learn.
It is no use crying over spilt milk.
It is the first step that costs troublesome.
It is the unforeseen that always happens.
Man proposes, God disposes.
Many hands make light work.
Many heads are better than one.
Many things grow in the garden that were never sown there.
（一）段首句 1. 关于…人们有不同的观点。
一些人认为…… There are different opinions among people as to ____. Some people suggest that ____. 2. 俗话说（常言道）…，它是我们前辈的经历，但是，即使在今天，它在许多场合仍然适用。There is an old saying______. It is the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today. 3. 现在，…，它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。
Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second, ____. What makes things worse is that______. 4. 现在，…很普遍，许多人喜欢…，因为…，另外（而且）…。 Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______. 5. 任何事物都是有两面性，……也不例外。
它既有有利的一面，也有不利的一面。 Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages. 6. 关于…人们的观点各不相同，一些人认为（说）…，在他们看来，… 的 People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______. To them,_____. 7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题…，这个问题变得越来越严重。
Man is now facing a big problem ______, which is becoming more and more serious. 8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题，特别是在年青人当中，将引发激烈的辩论。 ______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way. 9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用，它给我们带来了许多好处，但同时也引发一些严重的问题。
______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well. 10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出…。然而，很显然……，但是为什么呢？ According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while, Obviously,______,but why? 11. "Why do _______?" Many people often ask questions like this. （二）中间段落句 1. 相反，有一些人赞成…，他们相信…，而且，他们认为…。
On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____. 2. 但是，我认为这不是解决…的好方法，比如…。最糟糕的是……。
But I don't think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___. 3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的，（也是）非常重要的。首先，……。
而且……，最重要的是…… ______is necessary and important to our countries development and construction. First,______.What's more, _____. Most important of all, ______. 4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先，我们可以……。
There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______ 5. 面临…，我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来…。一方面……，另一方面， Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______ 6. 早就应该拿出行动了。
It is high time that something was done about it. For example, _____.In addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______. 7. 为什么…？ 第一个原因是……；第二个原因是……；第三个原因是……。总的来说，……的主要原因是由于…… Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______. 8. 然而，正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样，…也有它的不利的一面，象…。
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______. 9. 尽管如此，我相信…更有利。 Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous. 10. 完全同意…这种观点（陈述），主要理由如下： I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______. 11. But there are still many people who don't agree. They argue that _______. 12. Different people hold different attitudes toward _______. When faced with it, some can _______. Others, however， _______. （三） 结尾句 1. In conclusion, I believe that ________. We can _______only if _______, just as a proverb says________. 2. As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that _______. 3. In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______. Only in this way can _______ in the future. 4. As a popular saying goes, _______. In my opinion, what really counts is not ______, but ______. I believe that as long as ________, we will _______. So I am of the opinion that 。
Genius only means hard-working all one's life .( Mendeleyer , Russian Chemist) 天才只意味着终身不懈的努力。
（俄国化学家 门捷列耶夫） I have nothing to offer but blood , toil tears and sweat . (Winston Churchill, British Politician) 我所能奉献的没有其它，只有热血、辛劳、眼泪与汗水。（英国政治家 丘吉尔 . W.） Man errs so long as he strives. (Johan Wolfgang Goethe , German poet and dramatist) 人只要奋斗就会犯错误。
（德国诗人、剧作家 歌德. J. W.） My fellow Americans , ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country . My fellow citizens of the world ; ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man . (John Kennedy , American President ) 美国同胞们，不要问国家能为你们做些什么，而要问你们能为国家做些什么。全世界的公民们，不要问美国将为你们做些什么，而要问我们共同能为人类的自由做些什么。
（美国总统 肯尼迪. J.） Our destiny offers not the cup of despair , but the chalice of opportunity . (Richard Nixon, American President ) 命运给予我们的不是失望之酒，而是机会之杯。（美国总统 尼克松 . R.） Patience is bitter, but its fruit is sweet . (Jean Jacques Rousseau , French thinker) 忍耐是痛苦的，但它的果实是甜蜜的。
（法国思想家 卢梭. J. J.） Progress is the activity of today and the assurance of tomorrow . (Emerson, American thinker ) 进步是今天的活动、明天的保证。 （美国思想家 家默生） The world can be changed by man's endeavor, and that this endeavor can lead to something new and better .No man can sever the bonds that unite him to his society simply by averting his eyes . He must ever be receptive and sensitive to the new ; and have sufficient courage and skill to novel facts and to deal with them . (Franklin Roosevelt , American President ) 人经过努力可以改变世界，这种努力可以使人类达到新的、更美好的境界。
（美国总统 罗斯福建. F.） There is no royal road to science ,and only those who do not dread the fatiguing climb of gaining its numinous summits . (Karl Marx, German revolutionary ) 在科学上没有平坦的大道，只有不畏劳苦沿着其崎岖之路攀登的人，才有希望达到它光辉的顶点。（ 德国革命家 马克思. K .） The man who has made up his mind to win will never say "impossible ". (Bonaparte Napoleon ,French emperor ) 凡是决心取得胜利的人是从来不说“不可能的”。
（ 法国皇帝 拿破仑. B.） To do whatever needs to be done to preserve this last and greatest bastion of freedom .(Ronald Reagan , American President ) 为了保住这最后的、最伟大的自由堡垒，我们必须尽我们所能。（美国总统 里根. R.） We cannot always build the future for our youth , but we can build our youth for the future . (Franklin Roosevelt , American president ) 我们不能总是为我们的青年造就美好未来，但我们能够为未来造就我们的青年一代。
（美国总统 罗斯福. F.） Where there is a will , there is a way .( Thomas Edison , American inventor ) 有志者，事竟成。 （美国发明家 爱迪生. T.）。
1. Pain past is pleasure.（过去的痛苦就是快乐。）[无论多么艰难一定要咬牙冲过去，将来回忆起来一定甜蜜无比。]
2. While there is life, there is hope.（有生命就有希望/留得青山在，不怕没柴烧。）
3. Wisdom in the mind is better than money in the hand.（脑中有知识，胜过手中有金钱。）[从小灌输给孩子的坚定信念。]
4. Storms make trees take deeper roots.（风暴使树木深深扎根。）[感激敌人，感激挫折！]
5. Nothing is impossible for a willing heart.（心之所愿，无所不成。）[坚持一个简单的信念就一定会成功。]
6. The shortest answer is doing.（最简单的回答就是干。）[想说流利的英语吗？那么现在就开口！心动不如嘴动。]
7. All things are difficult before they are easy.（凡事必先难后易。）[放弃投机取巧的幻想。]
8. Great hopes make great man. （伟大的理想造就伟大的人。）
9. God helps those who help themselves.（天助自助者。）
10. Four short words sum up what has lifted most successful individuals above the crowd: a little bit more.（四个简短的词汇概括了成功的秘诀：多一点点！）[比别人多一点努力、多一点自律、多一点决心、多一点反省、多一点学习、多一点实践、多一点疯狂，多一点点就能创造奇迹！]
11. In doing we learn.（实践长才干。）